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Топики для экзаменов по английскому языку и эссе на английском языке

Топики для экзаменов по английскому языку. Тема: Scyscrapers (Небоскребы)

Топик "Scyscrapers" для сдачи экзамена по английскому в школе

 

A skyscraper is a tall, continuously habitable building. There is no official definition or height above which a building may clearly be classified as a skyscraper. Most cities define the term empirically; even a building of 80 m may be considered a skyscraper if it protrudes above its built environment and changes the overall skyline.

The word "skyscraper" was first applied to buildings of steel framed construction of at least 10 stores in the late 19th century, a result of public amazement at the tall buildings being built in major cities like Chicago, New York City, Detroit, and St. Louis. The first steel frame skyscraper was the Home Insurance Building built in Chicago, Illinois in 1885. Some point to New York's seven floor Equitable Life Assurance Building built in 1870 and it was arguably the first office building built using a kind of skeletal frame but it depends on what factors are chosen and even the scholars making the argument find it academic. Today, skyscrapers are an increasingly common sight where land is expensive, as in the centres of big cities, because they provide such a high ratio of rentable floor space per unit area of land. They are built not just for economy of space; like temples and palaces of the past, skyscrapers are considered symbols of a city's economic power. Not only do they define the skyline, they help to define the city's identity.

At the beginning of the 20th century New York City was a center for the Beaux-Arts architectural movement, attracting the talents of such great architects as Stanford White and Carrere and Hastings. As better construction and engineering technology became available as the century progressed, New York and Chicago became the focal point of the competition for the tallest building in the world.

I think, to live in a skyscraper is wonderful, especially if you live on a 50 floor or something like that. You can see all your city from the window and this is a beautiful view. It gives you a sense of freedom. I would like to live in a skyscraper because I’m good for height and I like to look for different things from my window from top downward.